Answered By: Melanee Vicedo
Last Updated: Nov 17, 2017     Views: 172

For more information on how to cite sources in APA, please see our APA Citation Research Guide.

In-text citations are always the author(s)'s last name(s), year of publication, and if you're directly quoting, the page number.

In-text citation example: (Turner, 2007)
In-text citation example when quoting:  (Turner, 2007, p. 292) 

For a reference list, a journal article has four mandatory components, and one optional one:

  • Authors, with names inverted and only the first letter of the first name (ex: Halpern, R.). If the article has multiple authors, list them in the order they appear in the article.
  • Year the article was published.
  • Title of the article. Only the first letter of the first word is capitalized; if there is a semi-colon in the title, the first letter of the first word after the semi-colon is also capitalized.
  • The title, volume, and issue of the journal the article was published and its page numbers. The journal title is italicized and the first letter of every word in the journal title is capitalized. The volume is also italicized. The number is in parentheses.
  • When available, include the article's doi.

          Reference List:

          Turner, J. (2007). Justice and emotions. Social Justice Research, 20(3), 288-311. doi:10.1007/s11211-007-0043-y

          Walters, W. (2008). Bordering the sea: Shipping industries and the policing of stowaways. Borderlands E Journal, 7(3), 1-25. Retrieved from


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